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MessagePosté le: Mar 27 Juin - 04:27 (2017)    Sujet du message: READ BOOK Production, Growth, And The Environment: An Econo Répondre en citant


Production, Growth, and the Environment: An Economic Approach
by William L. Weber



->>>DOWNLOAD BOOK Production, Growth, and the Environment: An Economic Approach



Written in a way that facilitates understanding of complex concepts, laws, and policy, <STRONG>Production, Growth, and the Environment: An Economic Approach</STRONG> explores how economic growth usually makes people better off, but also asks at what environmental cost? These costs are not often realized until after the fact, when their remediation is more expensive, and sometimes not reversible. Very few books on environmental economics model the joint production of desirable and undesirable outcomes in any depth. This book fills that void. It discusses the demographic transition and the escape from the Malthusian trap. It also covers the environmental Kuznets curve hypothesis that examines the relation between polluting outputs and economic welfare.

The book integrates environmental valuation methods with the production possibility frontier (PPF) approach. It presents both types of outcomes in a PPF framework that accounts for scarcity and allows the concepts of technical and allocative efficiencies to be introduced and measured. The PPF can then measure technological progress/regress and can be used to measure whether resource use is sustainable over time. It can also be used to determine shadow prices for non-market desirable outputs such as ecological services and non-market undesirable by-products such as SO2, NOx, and CO<SUB>2</SUB> that arise from fossil fuel combustion.

The beauty of the PPF framework is that it can be depicted in simple two-dimensional diagrams that make the concepts easy to understand. The author uses this framework to introduce concepts such as technical efficiency, allocative efficiency, technological progress/regress, shadow pricing, externalities, public goods, pollution taxes, and permits. In addition, each chapter has numerous problems and discussion questions that provide examples and practice in using the introduced theories. The book also includes a chapter that shows how the solver routine in Excel can be used to measure technical and allocative efficiency. This gives you the tools to examine all outcomes and therefore make a decision that takes into account the environmental challenges along with any economic benefits.







Production, Growth, and the Environment: An Economic Approach William L. Weber






Stavins (2008)BRAUDEL, FThe legitimacy for the implementation of these policies depends on the solution of the second problem, the one regarding consumer expectations that give legitimacy to the opposing, growth incentive policiesBISHOP, REconomia, Braslia, Anpec, v.12, n.1, jan/abr

Randers, and D.LJACKSON, T[23]Based on these two assumptions, Herman Daly (1996), the pioneer responsible for incorporating these ideas into a theoretical body that founded ecological economics, concludes that the total waste inevitably generated by the extraction, processing and consumption of natural resources in a given period of time (which he calls throughput) cannot exceed the carrying capacity of the Earth and that, therefore, zero growth is the only way to prevent that from happeningThe first source of imbalance is the expansion of human occupation of the spaceThe technical solution to the first problem is especially the formulation of macroeconomic policies, an environmental macroeconomicsA wedge exists between what a private person does given market prices and what society might want him or her to do to protect the environmentIn the literature this idea became known through the concept of weak sustainabilityParticular issues include the costs and benefits of alternative environmental policies to deal with air pollution, water quality, toxic substances, solid waste, and global warming.[1] The environmental accounts methodology is in line with the United Nations (UNs) system of integrated environmental and economic accounting (SEEA), which is an international statistical standardThe curve of marginal disutility is increasing because it reflects the negative effects of economic growth on well-being, including the effect of environmental degradation and other risk factors, as well as the increase in social entropy.39 The curve of marginal utility, in turn, is decreasing to the extent that the initial satisfaction of more basic needs generates a utility greater than the subsequent consumption of less essential goods[Links][Links]Marxists and structuralists disagreed among themselves, however, about the causes of the factTo be sustainable, development must be economically sustainable (or efficient), socially desirable (or inclusive) and ecologically prudent (or balanced)A Teoria da Dependncia: balano e perspectivasSee, however, Ostrom's (1990) work on how people using real common property resources have worked to establish self-governing rules to reduce the risk of the tragedy of the commons.[7] 171bf2437f



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